No magnetic reconnection?

“This Magnetic Reconnection confusion has gone far enough,” says reader Dennis Cowdrick, who steered me to a paper by electrical engineer Donald E. Scott. (See my article Explosions in the sky – magnetic reconnection)

“It is a misconception that magnetic fields can be open ended and can release energy by “merging” or “reconnecting,” says Scott.

10 Sep 09 – “Many helioastronomers claim that magnetic fields can be open ended,” Scott continues. They claim that galactic magnetic fields begin and end on molecular clouds. However, “most electrical engineers, physicists, and pioneers in the electromagnet field theory disagree, i.e., magnetic filed have no beginning or end” …and therefore disprove the magnetic reconnection theory.

This is not based on deductive reasoning
and mathematical formalisms, says Scott,
but on verified laboratory evidence.

“An indication of the dominance of the magnetic force is demonstrated by a ball bearing on a table. All of Earth’s baryonic mass exerts a gravitational pull on the bearing, preventing it from lifting off the table. Yet, the smallest horseshoe magnet easily snatches it away.” On a cosmic scale, magnetic energy density can exceed gravitational energy density by at least an order of magnitude.

“The notion that magnetic field lines can be open ended is impossible, says Scott. There can be no beginning or end to a magnetic field anywhere. Lines are sometimes drawn on paper to describe the magnetic field (its direction and magnitude.) Where the field is strong, such as at the poles of an electromagnet, the lines come close together. However, the lines themselves do not actually exist in reality. They are simply a visualization device. They are useful abstractions and nothing more.”

“Nothing can be explained by assuming that an open-ended magnetic field has rigid connections either to the Sun, which is a star, or a rotating molecular cloud at one or both of its ends. Magnetic fields do not have ends.

The phrase “magnetic lines of force,” as coined by Faraday, is misleading, says Scott. “Proposing that magnetic field lines move around, break, merge, reconnect, or recombine is an error based on the false assumption that the lines are real entities in the first place.”

Investigators ignore the fact that electric current is the primary cause of cosmic energy releases, Scott continues. No real magnetic field can exist anywhere without an associated moving charge (electric current). Conversely, any electric current will create a magnetic field.

The release of energy from those fields can only be understood by referencing the behavior of their causative electric currents.

I have read Donald Scott’s brilliant book The Electric Sky, and think he is spot on. I think those explosions in the sky are caused by a release of electromagnetic energy. How? I’m not sure. What I am sure of, is that it validates my contention that such explosions could occur right above our heads during a magnetic reversal.

* * *

Donald E. Scott earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Electrical Engineering at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, CT.  Following graduation he worked for General Electric in Schenectady, NY, and Pittsfield, MA.  He earned a Doctorate in Electrical Engineering at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, and was a member of the faculty of the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering at the University of Massachusetts/Amherst from 1959 until his retirement in 1998.  During that time he was the recipient of several good-teaching awards.  He was, at various times, Assistant Department Head, Director of the undergraduate program, Graduate admissions coordinator, and Director of the College of Engineering’s Video Instructional Program.

In 1987, the McGraw-Hill Book Company published his 730-page textbook, An Introduction To Circuit Analysis – A Systems Approach.  He has authored numerous scientific papers and chapters, and is a lifelong amateur astronomer.

Thanks to Dennis Cowdrick for sending this paper to me.

“Real Properties of Electromagnetic Fields and Plasma in the Cosmos” by Donald E. Scott, IEEE Transactions On Plasma Science, Vol 35, No 4, August 2007.

Another good source is


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