New NASA video bolsters my contention as to what created the Carolina Bays.
In my book Magnetic Reversals and Evolutionary Leaps, I proposed that the Carolina Bays were formed by millions of gigantic explosions in the sky, explosions triggered by a magnetic reversal. (Chapter 13, “Dinosaur Tombstones.”)
The Carolina Bays, a host of huge elliptical depressions gouged into the ground about 12,000 years ago, were formed at about the same time, if not exactly the same time, as the Gothenburg magnetic excursion.
Varying in size from one to several thousand acres, and measuring from 164 feet (50 m) to 6.8 miles (11 km) across, as many as 2½ million of these oval depressions scar the landscape from Florida to New York to Texas.
In Maryland, the bays are called Maryland basins. In Mississippi and Alabama they’re called Grady ponds. In Kansas and Nebraska they’re called Rainwater basins. In Texas they’re called Salinas (because they often contain salty water). The bays, aligned with one another with their long axes pointing generally north, all appear to have formed at the same time, from the same cause.
The bays all have raised rims and frequently intersect other bays. More than 50,000 overlapping bays—some larger than nearby cities (yes, larger than nearby cities!)—have been identified on the U.S. Atlantic coast alone.
Carolina bays in Hoke and Scotland County, NC
From George Howard’s website (see link below)
Most of the bays are very shallow, 50 feet at most, but usually not more than 20 feet. (That’s if you consider a body of water as deep as a five-story building to be shallow.)
Some of the larger Carolina Bays are (or once were) lakes. However, because most of them were so shallow that they became swamps or marshland, that’s what people thought they were. But in 1930, aerial photography exposed their unusual shapes and orientations.
The image above is of an area measuring about twelve miles by ninemiles (20 km by 15 km) approximately eighteen miles (30 km) southeast of Fayetteville, North Carolina. This one tiny corner of the world contains 20 such oval depressions. (Also see note 1.)
Yet another peculiarity is that the sandy rims are white. This, in spite of the fact that white sand is rare in the Carolinas; it’s usually tan or reddish.
What could have turned the sand white? Very high temperature, usually higher than 1,500 degrees F, could have burned off the reddish iron impurities from the surface of the quartz, says Richard Firestone, co-author of the book Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes.
But where did that heat originate? And what could possibly gouge more than two million huge holes into the ground, all at the same time?
At first, scientists thought the depressions had been formed by a comet or meteor exploding above the earth. However, almost no meteorites have ever been found in the Carolinas.
A newer theory holds that the Carolina Bays were formed by secondary impacts after a meteor had crashed into the ice somewhere near Michigan. That collision threw millions of chunks of ice – massive chunks of ice – into the sky, which then flew hundreds of miles away from the original point of impact at low angles. That (supposedly) explains the elliptical bays: They were formed by oblique impacts as the airborne ice hurtled back to earth.
Wow! It must take one hellishly big chunk of ice to create a crater bigger than an entire city.
No, I simply cannot buy the flying-ice theory.
One reason I don’t buy into the flying-ice theory is that there would have been no ice there to begin with.
Look at the dates: The last major ice age commenced about 23,000 years ago coincident with the Mono Lake magnetic excursion. The ice sheets then grew for about 5,000 years, reaching their full extent about 18,000 years ago. They should have been long gone from the Michigan area by 12,000 years ago when the Carolina Bays were formed.
Instead, I think the Carolina Bays were formed by millions of gigantic explosions in the sky; carpet bombed by the gods.
This video from NASA helps reinforce that view.
Entitled “Earth’s Magnetosphere,” the video describes our magnetosphere as a giant bubble of magnetism that envelopes our planet and protects it from the sun, including protecting if from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. “It’s clear that this magnetic bubble was key to helping earth develop into a habitable planet,” the video asserts.
The magnetosphere is a permeable shield, the video tells us. The solar wind will periodically connect to the magnetosphere, forcing it to reconfigure. This can create a rift, which allows energy to pour into our formerly safe haven. These rifts open and close many times daily, or even many times hourly. Most of them are small and short-lived. Others are vast and sustained. When the sun’s magnetic field connects to the earth’s in this way, the fireworks start.
The magnetosphere absorbs the incoming energy from the solar wind and “explosively” releases that energy in the form of geomagnetic storms and sub-storms, according to Dr. Eftyhia Zesta, Chief of the Geospace Physics Laboratory at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. Magnetic lines of force converge and reconfigure, resulting in magnetic energy and charged particles flying off at an intense speeds.
Scientists have been trying to learn why this crisscrossing of magnetic field lines – called magnetic reconnection – triggers such “violent” explosions.
Whatever the cause, whether it was a giant chunk of ice flying through the sky, or a violent explosion triggered by the Gothenburg magnetic excursion, I sure wouldn’t want to have been standing at ground zero.
On a more personal note, I was lucky enough to visit a Carolina Bay a couple of years ago near the town of Olanta, South Carolina, in the Woods Bay State Park. (If you look for Olanta on Google maps (satellite view) and then zoom out just slightly, you will see Woods Bay. It is far bigger than the town itself.)
Does it look like a bay? No. It looks like a swamp. In fact, it is a swamp.
There were no park employees on duty on the day I toured the park (actually both my wife and I toured the park), and we wondered if we would see any alligators.
The answer came very quickly, because we soon spied several alligators basking in the sun, soaking up the heat. Perhaps you can spot them in my photos. Since we were the only people in the entire park, and we had no idea how many alligators might be lying in wait, we didn’t stick around too long.
We both made it back safely, so I guess the alligators weren’t all that hungry.
If you go to Google maps (satellite view) and peruse the North Carolina/South Carolina region, you’ll be astounded at how many of these giant paw prints you can find, even today. Literally hundreds of such bays surround Lumberton, North Carolina, alone.
More info on the Carolina Bays:
Info on flying-ice theory:
More aerial photos:
George Howard in Raleigh, North Carolina has done a tremendous amount of research on the Carolina bays. View his website here:
For even more info,
see my book Magnetic Reversals and Evolutionary Leaps.